1.04.2009

one out of every four homeless people in the u.s. is a veteran

From Adam Glantz, author of The War Comes Home: Washington's Battle Against America's Veterans, published on Common Dreams. Emphasis mine, but please read the whole essay.
Roy Lee Brantley shivers in the cold December morning as he waits in line for food outside the Ark of Refuge mission, which sits amid warehouses and artists lofts a stone's throw from the skyscrapers of downtown San Francisco.

Brantley's beard is long, white and unkempt. The African-American man's skin wrinkled beyond his 62 years. He lives in squalor in a dingy residential hotel room with the bathroom down the hall. In some ways, his current situation marks an improvement. "I've slept in parks," he says, "and on the sidewalk. Now at least I have a room."

Like the hundreds of others in line for food, Brantley has worn the military uniform. Most, like Brantley, carry their service IDs and red, white and blue cards from the Department of Veterans Affairs in their wallets or around their necks. In 1967, he deployed to Vietnam with the 1st Cavalry Division of the U.S. Army. By the time he left the military five years later, Brantley had attained the rank of sergeant and been decorated for his valor and for the wounds he sustained in combat.

"I risked my life for this democracy and got a Bronze Star," he says. "I shed blood for this country and got the Purple Heart after a mortar blast sent shrapnel into my face and leg. But when I came back home from Vietnam I was having problems. I tried to hurt my wife because she was Filipino. Every time I looked at her I thought I was in Vietnam again. So we broke up."

In 1973, Brantley filed a disability claim with the federal government for mental wounds sustained in combat overseas. Over the years, the Department of Veterans Affairs has denied his claim five separate times. "You go over there and risk your life for America and your mind's all messed up, America should take care of you, right," he says, knowing that for him and the other veterans in line for free food that promise has not been kept.

On any given night 200,000 U.S. veterans sleep homeless on the streets of America. One out of every four people - and one out of every three men - sleeping in a car, in front of a shop door, or under a freeway overpass has worn a military uniform. Some like Brantley have been on the streets for years. Others are young and women returning home wounded from Iraq and Afghanistan, quickly slipping through the cracks.

For each of these homeless veterans, America's promise to "Support the Troops" ended the moment he or she took off the uniform and tried to make the difficult transition to civilian life. There, they encountered a hostile and cumbersome bureaucracy set up by the Department of Veterans Affairs. In a best-case scenario, a wounded veteran must wait six months to hear back from the VA. Those who appeal a denial have to wait an average of four and a half years for their answer. In the six months leading up to March 31st of this year, nearly 1,500 veterans died waiting to learn if their disability claims would be approved by the government.

There are patriotic Americans trying to solve this problem. Last month, two veterans' organizations, Vietnam Veterans of America and Veterans of Modern Warfare, filed suit in federal court demanding the government decide disability claims brought by wounded soldiers within three months. Predictably, however, the VA is trying to block the effort. On December 17, their lawyers convinced Reggie Walton, a judge appointed by President Bush, who ruled that imposing a quicker deadline for payment of benefits was a task for Congress and the president - not the courts.

President-elect Barack Obama has the power to end this national disgrace. He has the power to ensure to streamline the VA bureaucracy so it helps rather than fights those who have been wounded in the line of duty. He can ensure that this latest generation of returning veterans from Iraq and Afghanistan does not receive the bum rap the Vietnam generation got. Let 2008 be the last year thousands of homeless veterans stand in line for free food during the holiday season. Let it be the last year hundreds of thousands sleep homeless on the street.

6 comments:

Nigel Patel said...

Used to be one out of three.
The recession (what an Orwellian word, "recession" in place of "depression") is getting to the civillians.

deang said...

That statistic has been on my mind since I learned that a local fixture on the political scene here in Austin, Texas, a middle-aged transgender woman named Jennifer Gale, was an ex-Marine. I say "was" because she was found dead within the past couple of weeks, likely from cold exposure during an unusually frigid cold snap, when she didn't have access to a shelter. She had run for all sorts of city offices for years and habitually slept in the entryway of a church near the university office I used to work at.

L-girl said...

Used to be one out of three.

You might be thinking of the statistic that one out of every three homeless men is a veteran. That is still current.

L-girl said...

Dean, how awful. Also how rare to be able to put a name and a face to a person, when so often their deaths are just labeled "the homeless".

There's a church in Toronto that has a memorial to people who have died on the street, an attempt to identify every person with at least a name.

There are fewer homeless people here, but homeless still exists, and has worsened as the cost of housing in Toronto soared.

Nigel Patel said...

You're right, it was the men's statistic.

Cornelia said...

When exploitation and lack of sufficient social security hit hard...I am so sorry about all the grievances and the wrongs that have been committed in the name of the US!